Netizen Journalist

History and Origin of Jaipong Dance

Holiday Ayo - Jaipong dance is a traditional dance originating from the Karawang area, West Java. This dance developed in the 1960s. Initially this dance was known to the public as the Banjet Dance. A dance performance performed with dance movements and accompanied by music in the form of gamelan instruments.

In the past, this dance was used as entertainment for the community. The Jaipong dance is an innovation created by an artist from the Karawang area named H. Suanda.

Haji Suanda is a talented artist from the Karawang area. He has extraordinary talent. And has the expertise to master a number of traditional Indonesian arts from various regions, especially the Karawang area. Some of the regional arts he mastered include Wayang Golek, Pencak Silat, Ketuk Tilu, and Topeng Banjet.

Then, H. Suanda made an innovation. He created an innovation in the form of combining several types of dance that he mastered into one. The dances consist of Banjet Dance, Pencak Silat Dance, Ketuk Tilu Dance, Wayang Golek Dance, and Mask Dance. The result of this mixing is the emergence of a unique regional work of art that is popular with the public.

When the regional arts performance was held, the name Jaipong dance was not yet given. The musical accompaniment used in the performance uses musical instruments including drums, drums, gongs and other percussive instruments. The combination of various types of musical instruments creates a musical accompaniment to the dance that is very energetic and unique.

Apart from the accompaniment of musical instruments, every performance of this dance art is also accompanied by singing from a sinden. Then the performance attracted the attention of an artist from the Sunda region named Gugum Gumbira to study it.

At that time Gugum Gumbira was already skilled at this dance. Then, he rearranged all the movements in the dance, until finally creating a dance called Jaipong. Since then, this dance has been introduced by the people of Bandung.

Meanwhile, as reported on the official website of the Ministry of Education and Culture (Kemdikbud), the Jaipong Dance was created by two artists from Karawang and Bandung named H. Suanda and Gugum Gumbira in 1975.

H. Suanda and Gugum Gumbira's attention to regional dance arts, one of which is the Ketuk Tilu dance, made the two artists want to know and understand the repertoire of traditional dance movement patterns found in Bajidoran/Kelingan or Ketuk Tilu.

The dance movement patterns consist of opening movements, pencugan, nibakeun, and a number of variations of mincid movements. Several movements in the tap tilu dance gave Suanda and Gugum the inspiration to develop the dance art which is currently known as Jaipong Dance.

Until now, even though many modern entertainments have started to emerge, Jaipong dance art will always be popular and is an interesting form of entertainment for residents.

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