The History of the National Monument That Becomes an Icon of Jakarta
Holiday Ayo - The National Monument or abbreviated as Monas or Tugu Monas is a 132 meter (433 ft) high memorial monument located right in the middle of Medan Merdeka Square, Central Jakarta.
Monas was established to commemorate the resistance and struggle of the Indonesian people in seizing independence from the colonial rule of the Dutch East Indies. Construction began on August 17, 1961 under the orders of President Soekarno and was inaugurated so that it was opened to the public on July 12, 1975.
This monument is crowned with flames covered with gold sheets, which symbolizes the fighting spirit of the Indonesian people.
Then how about history and what objects can be enjoyed when visiting Monas?
The initial idea for the establishment of a national monument came from ordinary people whose names have been mentioned or even inscribed in inscriptions. This is Sarwoko Martokoesoemo.
Former Mayor of Jakarta Sudiro (1953-1960) in his writings in one of the newspapers at that time wrote very emphatically that the idea for the establishment of Monas did not arise from a president, minister, party leader, nor from a mayor or a member of the National Monument. DPR.
"The first one who had the idea was an ordinary Indonesian citizen, a private, simple city resident from Jakarta named Sarwoko Martokoesoemo," said Sudiro.
After the government center of the Republic of Indonesia returned to Jakarta after previously domiciled in Yogyakarta in 1950, following the recognition of the Republic of Indonesia by the Dutch government in 1949, the planning for the construction of a National Monument which is equivalent to the Eiffel Tower in the field right in front of the Merdeka Palace.
The construction of the Monas Monument commemorates the independence and struggle of the Indonesian people during the 1945 revolution, in order to continue to raise the spirit of patriotism for the next generation.
On August 17, 1954, a national committee was formed and a National Monument design competition was held in 1955. There were 51 entries, but only one work by Frederich Silaban met the criteria determined by the committee, depicts the character of the Indonesian nation and can last for centuries. century.
The second competition was held in 1960 but again there were no mention of the 136 participants who met the criteria. The head of the jury then asked Silaban to show his design to Soekarno.
However, Soekarno did not like the design and he wanted the monument to be in the form of a phallus and yoni. Silaban was then asked to design a monument with such a theme, but the design proposed by Silaban was extraordinary, so the cost was very large and the state budget could not afford, especially the economic conditions at that time were quite bad.
Silaban refused to design a smaller building and was advised to postpone it until the Indonesian economy improved. Soekarno then asked the architect R.M. Soedarsono to continue the plan.
Soedarsono included the numbers 17, 8 and 45 of the obligations of Independence on 17 August 1945 starting the Proclamation of Indonesia into the design of the monument. This National Memorial was later built in an area of 80 hectares. This monument was architected by Frederich Silaban and R.M. Soedarsono began construction on August 17, 1961.